Most occidentals resident in South China have joined the Chinese in their zealous enthusiasm for the lychee. It has been the writer's. Privilege to have lived for twelve years in the very heart of one of the two famous lychee producing regions of China. Shortly after arrival upon the South China field, as representative of the Pennsylvania State College Horticultural Mission at the Canton Christian College, I was asked to make a thorough study of the lychee and lungan. In their native region. The present work is the result of these investigations.