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Autor: Colin A. Whiteman
ISBN-13: 9780470973189
Einband: E-Book
Seiten: 384
Sprache: Englisch
eBook Typ: PDF
eBook Format: E-Book
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
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Cold Region Hazards and Risks

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1
This is a unique, timely and engaging text with wide ranging geographical coverage. The text brings together, for the first time, information about a vast array of hazards associated with ice and snow, spanning both well known phenomenon (e.g. avalanches) and the less familiar (e.g. river ice jams and ice storms) using, in many cases, material which is rarely seen outside advanced academic research books and journals. The range of ice-related hazards will be introduced and the significance of the current global warming context discussed. Broad physical models of glacial, periglacial and atmospheric cold environments are presented to provide a scientific context for discussion of the human issues of risk, vulnerability impact and mitigation.
Key Features:
* Wide ranging geographical coverage (the Americas, Asia, Australasia, Antarctic & Europe)
* Localised hazards (avalanches, life storms, landslides) contrasted to those with wider reaching effects (arctic ice loss, ice sheet retreat and wide spread permafrost decay)
* Includes the latest developments in the field
* Each chapter includes hazards overview, summery, conclusions, potential projects exercise and key references
* Includes a supplementary website with figures from the text and further references
* Each chapter includes a hazards overview, summary, conclusions, potential projects exercise and key references
4
Preface.

1 Introduction.

1.1 Concept and rationale.

1.2 Scope and classification of the hazards.

1.3 Hazard awareness.

1.4 Physical properties of ice classification.

1.5 Hazard and Risk.

1.6 Summary.

2 Arctic Sea Ice.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 The Arctic Ocean.

2.3 Sea ice.

2.4 Impacts.

2.5 Direct impacts.

2.6 Indirect impacts.

2.7 Mitigation.

2.8 Summary.

3 Ice Sheets - Antarctica and Greenland.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Ice sheet systems.

3.3 Greenland.

3.4 Antarctica.

3.5 Impacts of ice sheet loss.

3.6 Mitigation.

3.7 Summary.

4 Icebergs.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Iceberg characteristics.

4.3 Iceberg impact and risk.

4.4 Iceberg mitigation.

4.5 Summary.

5 Glaciers.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Inherent glacier hazards.

5.3 Glacier mass balance changes.

5.4 Mitigation measures.

5.5 Summary.

6 Glacier Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 The glacial meltwater system.

6.3 GLOFs.

6.4 Trigger mechanisms.

6.5 Risk.

6.6 Mitigation.

6.7 Summary.

7 Permafrost.

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Permafrost distribution and characteristics.

7.3 Permafrost hazardousness.

7.4 Lowland permafrost hazards.

7.5 Mountain permafrost hazards.

7.6 Summary.

8 Snow Avalanches.

8.1 Introduction.

8.2 Definition, classification and motion.

8.3 Factors promoting avalanches.

8.4 Impacts of avalanches.

8.5 Mitigation methods.

8.6 Summary.

9 River Ice - Ice Jams and Ice Roads.

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 Ice jams.

9.3 Ice roads.

9.4 Summary.

10 Winter storms -- Ice Storms andBlizzards.

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Definitions.

10.3 Weather systems and processes.

10.4 Impacts.

10.5 Mitigation.

10.6 Summary.

11 Conclusions - The future.

References.

Glossary.

Acronyms.

Index.

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Autor: Colin A. Whiteman
ISBN-13 :: 9780470973189
ISBN: 0470973188
Verlag: John Wiley & Sons
Seiten: 384
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 1. Auflage
Sonstiges: Ebook