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Autor: Sir James George Frazer
ISBN-13: 9780486119724
Einband: EPUB
Seiten: 768
Sprache: Englisch
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eBook Format: EPUB
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The Golden Bough

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Classic 1890 study of cults, rites, and myths of antiquity helped define terms of social anthropology, influencing generations of thinkers. Abridgment omits footnotes, occasionally condenses text; all main principles remain intact.
A certain sacred tree was forbidden to the touch, save only for runaway slaves: if the slave could break off a branch — The Golden Bough — he could challenge the tree's attendant priest to mortal combat. If victorious, the slave would replace the priest as King of the Woods — until his lethal defeat by another bearer of The Golden Bough. Sir James George Frazer, an expert in myth and religion, was so intrigued by this tale from classical mythology that he spent more than a quarter-century investigating its genesis. His 1890 study of the cults, rites, and myths of antiquity, The Golden Bough, offers a monumental exploration of these customs and their parallels with early Christianity. A pioneer of social anthropology, Frazer's definitions of such terms as "magic," "religion," and "science" proved highly useful to his successors in the field, and his explications of the ancient legends profoundly influenced generations of prominent psychologists, writers, and poets. This abridgment of his multivolume magnum opus omits footnotes and occasionally condenses text; nevertheless, as the author himself observed, all of the original work's main principles remain intact, along with ample illustrative examples.
I. THE KING OF THE WOOD
1. Diana and Virbius
2. Artemis and Hippolytus
3. RecapitulationII. PRIESTLY KINGSIII. SYMPATHETIC MAGIC
1. The Principles of Magic
2. Homoeopathic or Imitative Magic
3. Contagious Magic
4. The Magician's ProgressIV. MAGIC AND RELIGIONV. THE MAGICAL CONTROL OF THE WEATHER
1. The Public Magician
2. The Magical Control of Rain
3. The Magical Control of the Sun
4. The Magical Control of the WindVI. MAGICIANS AS KINGSVII. INCARNATE HUMAN GODSVIII. DEPARTMENTAL KINGS OF NATUREIX. THE WORSHIP OF TREES
1. Tree-spirits
2. Beneficent Powers of Tree-spiritsX. RELICS OF TREE-WORSHIP IN MODERN EUROPEXI. THE INFLUENCE OF THE SEXES ON VEGETATIONXII. THE SACRED MARRIAGE
1. Diana as a Goddess of Fertility
2. The Marriage of the GodsXIII. THE KINGS OF ROME AND ALBA
1. Numa and Egeria
2. The King as JupiterXIV. THE SUCCESSION TO THE KINGDOM IN ANCIENT LATIUMXV. THE WORSHIP OF THE OAKXVI DIANUS AND DIANAXVII. THE BURDEN OF ROYALTY
1. Royal and Priestly Taboos
2. Divorce of the Spiritual from the Temporal PowerXVIII. THE PERILS OF THE SOUL
1. The Soul as a Mannikin
2. Absence and Recall of the Soul
3. The Soul as a Shadow and a ReflectionXIX. TABOOED ACTS
1. Taboos on Intercourse with Strangers
2. Taboos on Eating and Drinking
3. Taboos on showing the Face
4. Taboos on quitting the House
5. Taboos on leaving Food overXX. TABOOED PERSONS
1. Chiefs and Kings tabooed
2. Mourners tabooed
3. Women tabooed at Menstruation and Childbirth
4. Warriors tabooed
5. Manslayers tabooed
6. Hunters and Fishers tabooedXXI. TABOOED THINGS
1. The Meaning of Taboo
2. Iron tabooed
3. Sharp Weapons tabooed
4. Blood tabooed
5. The Head tabooed
6. Hair tabooed
7. Ceremonies at Hair-cutting
8. Disposal of Cut Hair and Nails
9. Spittle tabooed
10. Foods tabooed
11. Knots and Rings tabooedXXII. TABOOED WORDS
1. Personal Names tabooed
2. Names of Relations tabooed
3. Names of the Dead tabooed
4. Names of Kings and other Sacred Persons tabooed
5. Names of Gods tabooedXXIII. OUR DEBT TO THE SAVAGEXXIV. THE KILLING OF THE DIVINE KING
1. The Mortality of the Gods
2. Kings killed when their Strength fails
3. Kings killed at the End of a Fixed TermXXV. TEMPORARY KINGSXXVI. SACRIFICE OF THE KING'S SONXXVII. SUCCESSION TO THE SOULXXVIII. THE KILLING OF THE TREE-SPIRIT
1. The Whitsuntide Mummers
2. Burying the Carnival
3. Carrying out Death
4. Bringing in Summer
5. Battle of Summer and Winter
6. Death and Resurretion of Kostrubonko
7. Death and Revival of Vegetation
8. Analogous Rites in India
9. The Magic SpringXXIX. THE MYTH OF ADONISXXX. ADONIS IN SYRIAXXXI. ADONIS IN CYPRUSXXXII. THE RITUAL OF ADONISXXXIII. THE GARDENS OF ADONISXXXIV. THE MYTH AND RITUAL OF ATTISXXXV. ATTIS AS A GOD OF VEGETATIONXXXVI. HUMAN REPRESENTATIVES OF ATTISXXXVII. ORIENTAL RELIGIONS IN THE WESTXXXVIII. THE MYTH OF OSIRISXXXIX. THE RITUAL OF OSIRIS
1. The Popular Rites
2. The Official RitesXL. THE NATURE OF OSIRIS
1. Osiris a Corn-god
2. Osiris a Tree-spirit
3. Osiris a God of Fertility
4. Osiris a God of the DeadXLI. ISISXLII. OSIRIS AND THE SUNXLIII. DIONYSUSXLIV. DEMETER AND PERSEPHONEXLV. THE CORN-MOTHER AND THE CORN-MAIDEN IN NORTHERN EUROPEXLVI. THE CORN-MOTHER IN MANY LANDS
1. The Corn-mother in America
2. The Rice-mother in the East Indies
3. The Spirit of the Corn embodied in Human Beings
4. The Double Personification of the Corn as Mother and DaughterXLVII. LITYERSES
1. Songs of the Corn-reapers
2. Killing the Corn-spirit
3. Human Sacrifices for the Crops
4. The Corn-spirit slain in his Human RepresentativesXLVIII. THE CORN-SPIRIT AS AN ANIMAL
1. Animal Embodiments of the Corn-spirit
2. The Corn-spirit as a Wolf or a Dog
3. The Corn-spirit as a Cock
4. The Corn-spirit as a Hare
5. The Corn-spirit as a Cat
6. The Corn-spirit as a Goat
7. "The Corn-spirit as a Bull, Cow, or Ox"
8. The Corn-spirit as a Horse or Mare
9. The Corn-spirit as a Pig (Boar or Sow)
10. On the Animal Embodiments of the Corn-spiritXLIX. ANCIENT DEITIES OF VEGETATIONAS ANIMALS
1. "Dionysus, the Goat and the Bull"
2. "Demeter, the Pig and the Horse"
3. "Attis, Adonis, and the Pig"
4. "Osiris, the Pig and the Bull"
5. Virbius and the HorseL. EATING THE GOD
1. The Sacrament of First-fruits
2. Eating the God among the Aztecs
3. Many Manii at AriciaLI. HOMOEOPATHIC MAGIC OF A FLESH DIETLII. KILLING THE DIVINE ANIMAL
1. Killing the Sacred Buzzard
2. Killing the Sacred Ram
3. Killing the Sacred Serpent
4. Killing the Sacred Turtles
5. Killing the Sacred BearLIII. THE PROPITIATION OF WILD ANIMALS BY HUNTERSLIV. TYPES OF ANIMAL SACRAMENT
1. The Egyptian and the Aino Types of Sacrament
2. Processions with Sacred AnimalsLV. THE TRANSFERENCE OF EVIL
1. The Transference to Inanimate Objects
2. The Transference to Animals
3. The Transference to Men
4. The Transference to Evil in EuropeLVI. THE PUBLIC EXPULSION OF EVILS
1. The Omnipresence of Demons
2. The Occasional Expulsion of Evils
3. The Periodic Expulsion of EvilsLVII. PUBLIC SCAPEGOATS
1. The Expulsion of Embodied Evils
2. The Occasional Expulsion of Evils in a Material Vehicle
3. The Periodic Expulsion of Evils in a Material Vehicle
4. On Scapegoats in GeneralLVIII. HUMAN SCAPEGOATS IN CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY
1. The Human Scapegoat in Ancient Rome
2. The Human Scapegoat in Ancient Greece
3. The Roman SaturnaliaLIX. KILLING THE GOD IN MEXICOLX. BETWEEN HEAVEN AND EARTH
1. Not to touch the Earth
2. Not to see the Sun
3. The Seclusion of Girls at Puberty
4. Reasons for the Seclusion of Girls at PubertyLXI. THE MYTH OF BALDERLXII. THE FIRE-FESTIVALS OF EUROPE
1. The Fire-festivals in general
2. The Lenten Fires
3. The Easter Fires
4. The Beltane Fires
5. The Midsummer Fires
6. The Hollowe'en Fires
7. The Midwinter Fires
8. The Need-fireLXIII. THE INTERPRETATION OF THE FIRE-FESTIVALS
1. On the Fire-festivals in general
2. The Solar Theory of the Fire-festivals
3. The Purificatory Theory of the Fire-festivalsLXIV. THE BURNING OF HUMAN BEINGS IN THE FIRES
1. The Burning of Effigies in the Fires
2. The Burning of Men and Animals in the FiresLXV. BALDER AND THE MISTLETOELXVI. THE EXTERNAL SOUL IN FOLK-TALESLXVII. THE EXTERNAL SOUL IN FOLK-CUSTOM
1. The External Soul in Inanimate Things
2. The External Soul in Plants
3. The External Soul in Animals
4. The Ritual of Death a

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Autor: Sir James George Frazer
ISBN-13 :: 9780486119724
ISBN: 0486119726
Verlag: Dover Publications
Seiten: 768
Sprache: Englisch
Sonstiges: Ebook, 20,96x13,18x cm