Fossen, HaakonHaakon Fossen is Professor of Structural Geology at the University of Bergen, Norway, where he is affiliated with the Department of Earth Science and the Natural History Collections. His professional career has involved work as an exploration and production geologist/geophysicist for Statoil and as a Professor at the University of Bergen (1996 to present), in addition to periods of geologic mapping and mineral exploration in Norway. His research ranges from hard to soft rocks and includes studies of folds, shear zones, formation and collapse of orogenic belts, numerical modelling of deformation (transpression), the evolution of rifts, and studies of deformed porous sandstones. He has conducted extensive field work in various parts of the world, notably Norway, the Western United States, Sinai, and Brazil, and his research is based on field mapping, microscopy, physical and numerical modelling, geochronology, and seismic interpretation. Professor Fossen has been involved in editing several international geology journals, has authored over 100 scientific publications, and has written two other books and several book chapters. He holds the first Nordic Geoscientist Award and the Outstanding Paper Award (together with Basil Tikoff) of the Structural Geology and Tectonics Division of the Geological Society of America, of which he is also a Fellow. He has taught undergraduate structural geology courses and graduate and industry structural geology field courses for over twenty years and has a keen interest in developing electronic teaching resources to aid student visualization and understanding of geological structures.
A full-color introduction to the basic principles of structural geology, with unique links to practical applications and e-learning modules. Lavishly illustrated with color photos and diagrams, this textbook takes an applied approach to introduce undergraduate students to the basic principles of structural geology. The book provides unique links to industry applications, including petroleum and groundwater geology, and reinforces student learning through end-of-chapter problems and e-learning modules.
This market-leading textbook has been fully updated in response to extensive user feedback. It includes a new chapter on joints and veins, additional examples from around the world, and stunning new field photos. Extended online resources reinforce key topics using summaries, examples, and innovative animations to bring concepts to life.
Preface; Acknowledgements; List of symbols; 1. Structural geology and structural analysis; 2. Deformation; 3. Strain in rocks; 4. Stress; 5. Stress in the lithosphere; 6. Rheology; 7. Fracture and brittle deformation; 8. Joints and veins; 9. Faults; 10. Kinematics and paleostress in the brittle regime; 11. Deformation at the microscale; 12. Folds and folding; 13. Foliation and cleavage; 14. Lineations; 15. Boudinage; 16. Shear zones and mylonites; 17. Contractional regimes; 18. Extensional regimes; 19. Strike-slip, transpression and transtension; 20. Salt tectonics; 21. Balancing and restoration; 22. A glimpse of a larger picture; Appendix A. More about the deformation matrix; Appendix B. Spherical projections; Glossary; References; Cover and chapter image captions; Index.
Lavishly illustrated in color, this textbook takes an applied approach to introduce undergraduate students to the basic principles of structural geology. The book provides unique links to industry applications in the upper crust, including petroleum and groundwater geology, which highlight the importance of structural geology in exploration and exploitation of petroleum and water resources. Topics range from faults and fractures forming near the surface to shear zones and folds of the deep crust. Students are engaged through examples and parallels drawn from practical everyday situations, enabling them to connect theory with practice. Containing numerous end-of-chapter problems, e-learning modules, and with stunning field photos and illustrations, this book provides the ultimate learning experience for all students of structural geology.