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Autor: M. D. Gilchrist
ISBN-13: 9781402037962
Einband: eBook
Seiten: 489
Sprache: Englisch
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IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications

124, Solid Mechanics and Its Applications
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Substantialfundamental workhas been undertaken inthe different aspects of impact biomechanics over the past three decades. Much of this has been motivated and undertaken bythe automotive industry intheirefforts to improve transport safety. More recently, however, it has become app- ent that themultidisciplinary synergies which are realisedby interactions between engineers, scientists and clinical practitioners will ultimately lead to a greater understanding of the complex interacting phenomena withinthe human bodyafter it has sustained an impact. In turn, this greater depth of knowledge will provide more fundamentalinsights into the analysis, d- gnosis, treatment and prevention ofimpact injuries across a broader sp- trum of accident environments. Thescienti?c focus of this IUTAM symposium istoaddress those t- ics that are centrally important to the biomechanics ofimpact. These can be groupedinto those that are concerned with the different causes of - cidents (e. g. , transport, occupational and sports injuries), themechanics - volvedinaccident analysis (e. g. , accident investigation, computational m- elling techniques), the different types of resulting traumatic injuries (incl- ing musculoskeletal, organ, spinal and head injuries), methods of asse- ing the extent of injury (e. g. , injury assessment, injury criteria, constitutive laws for human tissue), and providing protection during an impact (e. g. , injury prevention, energy absorption materials, and safety devices).
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Preface; SESSION 1: The Contribution of Accident Investigation Research to Biomechanics, by M. Mackay; Modeling the Effects of Blast on the Human Thorax Using High Strain Rate Viscoelastic Properties of Human Tissue, by E.E. Ward, M. Kleinbergeic, A.M. Lennon and J.C. Roberts; Preliminary Analysis of Blunt Ballistic Impacts to the Abdomen, by C. Bir and J. Eck;Development of an Assessment Methodology for Lower Leg Injuries Resulting from Anti-Vehicular Blast Landmines, by J. Manseau and M. Keown; Occupant Lower Leg Injury Assessment in Landmine Detonations under a Vehicle, by M.J. van der Horst, C.K. Simms, R. van Maasdam and P.J.C. Leerdam; The Simulated Response of Cortical and Cancellous Bone to Various Rates of Loading — A Preliminary Numerical Study, by L.A. Oerder and G.N. Nurick.
ESSION 2: Multibody Dynamics Approaches for Biomechanical Modeling in Human Impact Applications, by J. Ambrósio and M. Silva; Reconstructing Real Life Accidents towards Establishing Criteria for Traumatic Head Impact Injuries, by M.C. Doorly, J.P. Phillips and M.D. Gilchrist; Combined Multi-Body Dynamic and FE Models of Human Head and Neck, by V. Esat, D.W. van Lopik and M. Acar; Three Years' Old Child Neck Finite Element Modelisation, by R. Dupuis, F Meyer and R. Willinger; Response Analysis of Lumbar Vertebra Model under Axial Impact Loading, by J. Fang, J. Cao, J. Zhang, Q.G. Rong and D.G. Zhou.
SESSION 3: Head Impact Biomechanics in Sport, by D.C. Viano; Biofidelity of Dummy and FEM Necks in the Frequency Domain, by N. Bourdet, R. Fischer, F. Meyer and R. Willinger; Influence of Helmet Inertial Properties on Neck Injury Risk during Ejection: A Numerical Human Model Approach, by S. Laporte, E. Chavary, W. Skalli and A. Guillaume; Quasi-Analytic Acceleration Injury Risk Functions: Application to Car Occupant Risk in Frontal Collisions, by D. Wood, C. Simms, C. Glynn, A. Kuligren and A. Ydenius; Modeffing of Frontal Collisions from Onboard Recorder and Full WidthBarrier Data, by C. Simms, D. Wood, C. Glynn, A. Kuligren and A. Ydenius; Accidents of Motorcyclists against Roadside Infrastructure, by El López-Valdés, D. Garcia, D. Pedrero and J.L. Moreno.
SESSION 4: Biomechanical Aspects of Blunt and Penetrating Head Injuries, by N. Yoganandan, F.A. Pintar J. Zhang, T.A. Gennarelli and N. Beuse; Biomechanics of Frontal Skull Fracture, by H. Delye, P. Verschueren, B. Depreitere, C. Van Lierde, I. Verpoest, D. Berckmans, J. Vander Sloten, G. Van der Perre and J. Goffin; Numerical Modeling of the Human Head under Impact: New Injury Mechanisms and Tolerance Limits, by D. Baumgartner and R. Willinger; Mechanisms and Tolerance Cuiwes of Traumatic Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAT), by E. Schuller and I. Niemeyer; Sensory Disorders of the Auditory and Vestibular Systems Following Blunt Head Trauma, by A.Ernst; Biomechanical, Radiographic and Osteologic Observations of Lower Cervical Spine Injuries, by L. Kazarian and R. Shively.
SESSION 5: Impact Injury in Sport, by A.S. Mcintosh; Clinical and Biomechanical Research for Bicycle Helmet Optimisation, by C. Van Lierde, B. Depreitere, P. Verschueren, H. Delye, D. Berckmans, I. Verpoest, J. Goffin, J. Vander Sloten and G. Van der Perre; Application of Finite Element Analysis to Helmet Design, by T. Smith, J. Lenkeit and J. Boughton; Finite Element Modeling for the Prediction of Blast Trauma, by A. Greer D. Cronin, C. Salisbury and K. Williams;Evaluation of Human Head Injury in Tracked Vehicle Subjected to Mine Blast, by F. Wang, H.P. Lee, C. Lu and Q.H. Cheng; Finite Volume Solution to High Rate Wave Propagation through a Lung Alveoli Stack, by O. Alakija, A. Ivankovic and A. Karac.
SESSION 6: Cellular Basis for the Nonlinear Constitutive Properties of Brain Tissue, by M. DeRidder and D.F. Meaney; Cerebral Bridging Vein Rupture in Humans, by B. Depreitere, C. Van Lierde, P. Verschueren, H. Delye, D. Berckmans, I. Verpoest, J. Vander Sloten, G. Van der Perre and J. Goffin; Three
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Substantialfundamental workhas been undertaken inthe different aspects of impact biomechanics over the past three decades. Much of this has been motivated and undertaken bythe automotive industry intheirefforts to improve transport safety. More recently, however, it has become app- ent that themultidisciplinary synergies which are realisedby interactions between engineers, scientists and clinical practitioners will ultimately lead to a greater understanding of the complex interacting phenomena withinthe human bodyafter it has sustained an impact. In turn, this greater depth of knowledge will provide more fundamentalinsights into the analysis, d- gnosis, treatment and prevention ofimpact injuries across a broader sp- trum of accident environments. Thescienti?c focus of this IUTAM symposium istoaddress those t- ics that are centrally important to the biomechanics ofimpact. These can be groupedinto those that are concerned with the different causes of - cidents (e. g. , transport, occupational and sports injuries), themechanics - volvedinaccident analysis (e. g. , accident investigation, computational m- elling techniques), the different types of resulting traumatic injuries (incl- ing musculoskeletal, organ, spinal and head injuries), methods of asse- ing the extent of injury (e. g. , injury assessment, injury criteria, constitutive laws for human tissue), and providing protection during an impact (e. g. , injury prevention, energy absorption materials, and safety devices).

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Autor: M. D. Gilchrist
ISBN-13 :: 9781402037962
ISBN: 1402037961
Verlag: Springer Netherland
Seiten: 489
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 2005
Sonstiges: Ebook