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Autor: Clifford K. Ho
ISBN-13: 9781402039621
Einband: eBook
Seiten: 446
Sprache: Englisch
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Gas Transport in Porous Media

20, Theory and Applications of Transport in Porous Media
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CLIFFORD K. HOAND STEPHEN W. WEBB Sandia National Laboratories, P. O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA Gas and vapor transport in porous media occur in a number of important applications includingdryingofindustrialandfoodproducts,oilandgasexploration,environm- tal remediation of contaminated sites, and carbon sequestration. Understanding the fundamental mechanisms and processes of gas and vapor transport in porous media allows models to be used to evaluate and optimize the performance and design of these systems. In this book, gas and vapor are distinguished by their available states at stan- ? dard temperature and pressure (20 C, 101 kPa). If the gas-phase constituent can also exist as a liquid phase at standard temperature and pressure (e. g. , water, ethanol, toluene, trichlorothylene), it is considered a vapor. If the gas-phase constituent is non-condensable at standard temperature and pressure (e. g. , oxygen, carbon di- ide, helium, hydrogen, propane), it is considered a gas. The distinction is important because different processes affect the transport and behavior of gases and vapors in porous media. For example, mechanisms specific to vapors include vapor-pressure lowering and enhanced vapor diffusion, which are caused by the presence of a g- phase constituent interacting with its liquid phase in an unsaturated porous media. In addition, the “heat-pipe” exploits isothermal latent heat exchange during evaporation and condensation to effectively transfer heat in designed and natural systems.
Table of Contents 1. IntroductionC.K. Ho and S.W. Webb Part 1: Processes and Models 2. Gas Transport Mechanisms
S.W. Webb 3. Vapor Transport Processes
C.K. Ho 4. Solid/Gas Partitioning
S.K. Ong 5. Two-Phase Gas Transport
S.W. Webb 6. Conservation Equations
S. Whitaker 7. Gas-Phase Dispersion in Porous Media
M.S. Costanza-Robinson and M.L. Brusseau 8. Gas Injection and Fingering in Porous Media
M. Sahimi, M. Reza Rasaei, and M. Haghighi 9. Unstable and Fingering Gas Flow in Fractures
P. Persoff 10. Natural Convection Gas Transport in Porous Media
K. Khanafer and K. Vafai 11. Scaling Issues in Porous and Fractured Media
V.C. Tidwell 12. Numerical Codes for Continuum Modeling of Gas Transport in Porous Media
K. Pruess 13. Lattice Boltzmann Method for Calculating Fluid Flow and Dispersion in Porous and Fractured Media
H.W. Stockman Part 2: Measurement and Monitoring 14. Experimental Determination of Transport Parameters
O. Solcova and P. Schneider 15. Air Permeability Measurements in Porous Media
V.C. Tidwell 16. Analyzing Barometric Pumping to Characterize Subsurface Permeability
J. Rossabi 17. Subsurface Flow Measurements
J. Rossabi 18. Measurement of Vapor Concentrations
C.K. Ho, M. Kelly and M.T. Itamura 19. In-Situ Measurement of InducedContaminant Flux
A. Tartre Part 3: Applications 20. Radon Transport
B.W. Arnold 21. Gas Transport Issues in Landmine Detection
J. Phelan 22. Environmental Remediation of Volatile Organic Compounds
R. Falta 23. Yucca Mountain Heater Tests
Y.Y.W. Chang 24. Impact of Gas Generation on the Performance of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant
P. Vaughn 25. Oil and Gas Industry Applications of Gas Flow in Porous Media
D.J. Borns 26. Geological Carbon Sequestration: CO2 Transport in Depleted Gas Reservoirs
C.M. Oldenburg 27. Industrial Gas Transport Processes Involving Heat Transfer
O.A. Plumb Index
CLIFFORD K. HOAND STEPHEN W. WEBB Sandia National Laboratories, P. O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA Gas and vapor transport in porous media occur in a number of important applications includingdryingofindustrialandfoodproducts,oilandgasexploration,environm- tal remediation of contaminated sites, and carbon sequestration. Understanding the fundamental mechanisms and processes of gas and vapor transport in porous media allows models to be used to evaluate and optimize the performance and design of these systems. In this book, gas and vapor are distinguished by their available states at stan- ? dard temperature and pressure (20 C, 101 kPa). If the gas-phase constituent can also exist as a liquid phase at standard temperature and pressure (e. g. , water, ethanol, toluene, trichlorothylene), it is considered a vapor. If the gas-phase constituent is non-condensable at standard temperature and pressure (e. g. , oxygen, carbon di- ide, helium, hydrogen, propane), it is considered a gas. The distinction is important because different processes affect the transport and behavior of gases and vapors in porous media. For example, mechanisms specific to vapors include vapor-pressure lowering and enhanced vapor diffusion, which are caused by the presence of a g- phase constituent interacting with its liquid phase in an unsaturated porous media. In addition, the “heat-pipe” exploits isothermal latent heat exchange during evaporation and condensation to effectively transfer heat in designed and natural systems.

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Autor: Clifford K. Ho
ISBN-13 :: 9781402039621
ISBN: 140203962X
Verlag: Springer Netherland
Seiten: 446
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 2006
Sonstiges: Ebook