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Autor: Yasuo Onishi
ISBN-13: 9781402053498
Einband: eBook
Seiten: 291
Sprache: Englisch
eBook Typ: PDF
eBook Format: eBook
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
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Chernobyl - What Have We Learned?

12, Environmental Pollution
The Successes and Failures to Mitigate Water Contamination Over 20 Years
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This book presents a 20-year historical overview and comprehensive study results of the aquatic environment affected by the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident. The book analyzes water remediation actions, using current science and mathematical modeling, and discusses why some were successful, but many others failed. This book will interest engineers, scientists, decision-makers, and everyone involved in radiation protection and radioecology, environmental protection and risk assessment, water remediation and mitigation, and radioactive waste disposal.
The Editors.- Preface.- Soviet-Built Nuclear Plants and Their Safety.- The Chernobyl Accident and Its Aquatic Impacts on the Surrounding Area.- Radioecological Aspects of Water Use.- Population Dose Estimate Due to Aquatic Pathways.- Radiation Risk Assessment and Countermeasure Justification.- Management of Fresh Water Environments in Chernobyl Affected Area.- Water Protection Measures for Radioactive Groundwater Contamination in the CEZ.- Where Do We Go From Here? Construction of the New Safe Confinement.- Summary and Conclusions.- Subject Index.
Twenty years ago, on April 26, 1986, Unit 4 of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant experienced a nuclear reactor accident and released six times more radionuclides into the atmosphere than the Hiroshima atomic bomb. The accident significantly damaged the environment and is expected to result in as many as 4000 deaths due to leukemia and other cancers. The cause of the accident was specific to a particular Soviet-built reactor; but the environmental and human consequences are applicable to Western nuclear plant accidents. Contrary to public perception, the former Soviet Union did what they could to protect the public from the Chernobyl accident within funding restrictions. They involved the highest level of political and scientific leaders and even conducted public surveys to identify concerns and fears. However, the secrecy with which the information was treated caused mistrust of the Chernobyl assessment and contributed to the widespread mental health problems associated with the accident. Some Chernobyl countermeasures were successful, but many were ineffective or made things worse. We hope that the details presented in this book may be useful for Western countries in preparing for possible accidents or potential terrorist attacks with nuclear or chemical agents. The assessment of the Chernobyl accident, its impacts, and its count- measures and remediation has been published widely in many Western nations, but much of the research is still known only in Ukraine and Russia.

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Autor: Yasuo Onishi
ISBN-13 :: 9781402053498
ISBN: 1402053495
Erscheinungsjahr: 02.10.2006
Verlag: Springer Netherland
Seiten: 291
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 2007
Sonstiges: Ebook, The 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident exposed over 20 million people to radionuclides through the Dnieper River aquatic pathways. This book presents a 20-year historical overview and comprehensive study of how the aquatic environment was affected by this accident. It offers in-depth analysis of the many water quality management practices and countermeasures that were enacted during this time, discussing why some were successful, but many others failed. Coverage also incorporates a comprehensive di