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Autor: Andre Bationo
ISBN-13: 9781402057601
Einband: eBook
Seiten: 1091
Sprache: Englisch
eBook Typ: PDF
eBook Format: eBook
Kopierschutz: Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
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Advances in Integrated Soil Fertility Management in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

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Food insecurity is a fundamental challenge to human welfare and economic growth in Africa. Low agricultural production leads to low incomes, poor nutrition, vulnerability to risk and threat and lack of empowerment. This book offers a comprehensive synthesis of agricultural research and development experiences from sub-Saharan Africa. The text highlights practical lessons from the sub-Saharan Africa region.
Preface. Part I: Setting the scene/Introductory papers.A critical analysis of challenges and opportunities for soil fertility restoration in Sudano-Sahelian West Africa; E. Schlecht et alAppropriate available technologies to replenish soil fertility in southern Africa; P.L. Mafongoya, A. BationoAppropriate available technologies to replenish soil fertility in eastern and central Africa; J.R. Okalebo et alIntegrated Agricultural Research for Development: contributing to the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme (IAR4D in CAADP); R. von KaufmannFrom Thousands to Millions: Accelerating Agricultural Intensification and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa; A. Maatman et alSoil science, population growth and food production: some historical developments; A.E. HarteminkDevelopment of an arable layer: A key concept for better management of infertile tropical savanna soils; E. Amézquita et alFood Security in Africa: The Challenges of Researchers in the 21st Century; J.B. Kung’uBackground, Current status and the African Context of the International Nitrogen Initiative; M. Bekunda et alPart II: Integrated Nutrient Management (INM)Within-Farm Soil Fertility Gradients Affect Response Of Maize To Fertilizer Application In Western Kenya; B. Vanlauwe et alCharacterisation of soil degradation under intensive rice production in Office du Niger zone of Mali; M. Bagayoko et alSoil fertility issues in the Blue Nile Valley, Ethiopia; P.I. VåjeOvercoming phosphorus deficiency in soils of Eastern Africa: recent advances and challenges; G. NziguhebaRelative contribution of trees and crops to soil carbon content in a parkland system in Burkina Faso using variations in natural 13C abundance; J. Bayala et alMineral fertilizers, organic amendments and crop rotation managements for soil fertility maintenance in the Guinean zone of Burkina Faso (West Africa); B.V. Bado et alEffect of planting technique and amendment type on pearl millet yield, nutrient uptake, and water use on degraded land in Niger; D. Fatondji et alShort-term effects of cover crops on stem borers and maize yield in the humid forest of southern Cameroon; A. Chabi-Olaye et alImproving cereal productivity and farmers’ income using a strategic application of fertilizers in West Africa; R. Tabo et alAdvances in improving Agricultural Profitability and Overcoming Land Degradation in Savanna and Hillside Agroecosystems of Tropical America; M. Ayarza et alIntegrating legumes to improve N cycling on smallholder farms in sub-humid Zimbabwe: Resource quality, biophysical and environmental limitations; R. Chikowo et alMeat and bone meal as nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer to cereals and rye grass; A.S. Jeng et alScreening Legume Green Manure for Climatic Adaptability and Farmer Acceptance in the Semi-Arid Agro-ecological Zone of Uganda; J.B. Tumuhairwe et alNutrient flows in smallholder production systems in the humid forest zone of southern Cameroon; J. Kanmegne et alManagement of improved fallows for soil fertility enhancement in the western highlands of Cameroon; F. Meppe et alIntegrated Soil Fertility Management: Use of NUTMON to Quantify Nutrient Flows in Farming Systems in Central Kenya; A.N. Kathuku et alOptimizing Soil Fertility Gradients in the Enset (Ensete ventricosum) Systems of the Ethiopian Highlands: Trade-offs and Local Innovations; T. Amede, E. TabogeConsequences of Field Management and Soil Erosion on the Sustainability of Large Scale Coffee Farming in Kiambu; P.F. Okoth et alThe Use of Erosion Proxies for the Spatial Assessment of Erosion in a Watershed and Modelling the Erosion Risk in a GIS; P.F. Okoth et alBean Improvement for Low Soil Fertility Adaptation in Eastern and Central Africa; L. Lunze et alCombining Tithonia Diversifolia and Minjingu Phosphate Rock for Improvement of P availability and maize grain yields on a chromic acrisol In Morogoro Tanzania; S.T. Ikerra et alImproving food production using ‘best bet’ soil fertility technologies in the Central highlands of Kenya; D. Mugendi et alEffects of organic and mineral sources of nutrients on maize yields in three districts of central Kenya; S.K. Kimani et alEffect of Combining Organic Leafy Biomass and Inorganic fertilizer on Tomato Yields and nematodes control in Arenosols in Kinshasa Area; M-M. Mafuka et alNutrient dynamics on smallholder farms in Teghane, Northern Highlands of Ethiopia; A. Abegaz et alNitrogen-15 recovery in cropped soil cores fertilized with potassium nitrate and clover residues; A.W. Muriuki et al Evaluation of nitrogen fixation using 15N dilution methods and economy of a maize-tepary bean intercrop farming system in semi-arid SE-Kenya; C.A. Shisanya, N.M. GitongaEvaluation of cowpea genotypes for variations in their contribution of N and P to subsequent maize crop in three agro-ecological zones of West Africa; R.C. Abaidoo et alVariability of cowpea breeding lines to low phosphorus tolerance and response to external application of Phosphorus; A.K. Saidou et alThe potential benefits of Azolla, Velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens var. utilis) and N fertilizers in rice production under contrasting systems in eastern Uganda; C.K. Kaizzi et alTied-ridging and integrated nutrient management options for sustainable crop production in semi-arid eastern Kenya; J.M. MiritiEconomic evaluation of local inputs in Meru South District, Kenya; M. Mucheru-Muna et alEffect of Rock Phosphate, Lime and Green Manure on Growth and Yield of Maize in a Non Productive Niche of a Rhodic Ferralsol in Farmer’s Fields; I.M. Tabu et alChanges in Soil Organic Matter as Influenced by Organic Residue Management Regimes in Selected Experiments in Kenya; B.S. Waswa et alEffects of manure application on crop yield and soil chemical properties in a long-term field trial in semi-arid Kenya; F.M. Kihanda et alNutrient Recovery from Solid Waste and Linkage to Urban and Peri- Urban Agriculture in Nairobi, Kenya; M. Njenga et alOptimising crop productivity in Legume-Cereal Rotations Through Nitrogen And Phosphorus Management In Western Kenya; J. Kihara et alEvaluation of the Potential of Using Nitrogen Fixing Legumes in Smallholder Farms of Meru South District, Kenya; J. Mugwe et alImproved cassava varieties increase the risk of soil nutrient mining: an ex-ante analysis for western Kenya and Uganda; A.M. Fermont et alPartial balance of nitrogen in a maize cropping system in humic nitisol of Central Kenya; J.M. Kimetu et alIntegrated Soil Fertility Management Technologies: A Counteract to Existing Milestone in Obtaining Achievable Economical Crop Yields in Cultivated Lands of Poor Smallholder Farmers in Malawi; M.W. MunthaliFertilizer nitrogen recovery as affected by soil organic matter status in two sites in Kenya; M.W. Karunditu et alPerformance evaluation of various agroforestry species used in short duration improved fallows to enhance soil fertility and sorghum yields in Mali; B. Kaya et alNutrient Balances For Different Farm Types In Southern Mali; S. Kanté et alIncreasing the Productivity and Sustainability of Millet Based Cropping Systems in the Sahelian Zones of West Africa; S. Traoré et alComparative short-term effects of different quality organic resources on maize productivity under two different environments in Zimbabwe; F. MtambanengweImproving soil fertility through the use of organic and inorganic plant nutrient and crop rotation in Niger; A.Adamou et alBiological system for improving the availability of Tilemsi phosphate rock for wheat (Triticum aestivum L) cultivated in Mali; A.H. Babana, H. AntounManaging manure heaps with agro-organic wastes and cover to reduce nitrogen losses during storage on smallholder farms; E.M. Gichangi et alSoil characteristics and the performance of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L) Moench) on tin mine spoils of the Jos Plateau, Nigeria; A.A. Yusuf et alThe development of a prototype land information system for the northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria as a basis for agro-technology transfer; F.O. Tabi et aWhat role can planted fallows play in the humid and sub-humid zone of West and Central Africa?; S. Hauser et alBalanced Nutrient Management System Technologies In The Northern Guinea Savanna Of Nigeria: Validation And Perspective; G.O. Kolawole et alSoil Erosion and Soil Inorganic-N Depletion as Influenced by Live hedges in Arable Steep-lands of the Central Highlands of Kenya; K. Mutegi et alRelationships between rhizobial diversity and host legume nodulation and nitrogen fixation in tropical ecosystems; B. Abdullahi, K.E. GillerLimestone, Minjingu Phosphate Rock and Green Manure Application on Improvement of Acid Soils in Rwanda; N.L. Nabahungu et alEvaluating performance and yield stability of some groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties under irrigation in three agroecological zones of the Senegal River Valley; M. Cisse, S. DialloAssessment of the Contribution of Tied Ridges and Farmyard Manure Application to Sorghum Production in Semi-Arid Areas of Tanzania; A.K. Kabanza, F.B.R. RwehumbizaEvaluation of Gliricidia sepium, Casuarina junghuhniana and Faidherbia albida tree species for Improvement of crop production and Fuelwood Supply in Muheza Districts, Tanzania; J.L. Meliyo et alMineral N distribution in the soil profile of a maize field amended with cattle manure and mineral N under humid sub-tropical conditions; J. NyamangaraIntensity cultivation induced-effects on Soil Organic Carbon Dynamic In the western cotton area of Burkina Faso; B. Ouattara et alAssessment of improved soil fertility and water harvesting technologies through community based on-farm trials in the ASALs of Kenya; E.M. Gichangi et alProfitability Of Agro-Forestry Based Soil Fertility Management Technologies: The Case Of Small Holder Food Production In Western Kenya; J.M. Maithya et alIntegrated Natural Resources Management a strategy for Food Security and Poverty Alleviation in Kwalei Village, Lushoto District, Tanzania; J.L. Meliyo et alEffects of total inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus availability on Maize Yields in the First post Tephrosia vogelii fallow; C.Z. Mkangwa et alEnvironmental hazards in African agriculture: factors influencing application of agrochemicals in Nakuru district, Kenya; J.K. Lagat et alAssessment of Indigenous Soil and Water Conservation Technology for Smallholder Farms in Semi-arid Areas in Africa and Close Spaced Trash Lines Effect on Erosion and Crop Yield; I.I.C. Wakindiki et alPart III: Below Ground BiodiversityProsopis africana (Guill., Perrot et Rich.) Taub and Entada africana (Guill. et Perrot.) leaf litter decomposition and impact of biomass transfer on millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) growth and development on station in Niger; M. Larwanou et alSoil Microbial Biomass Carbon and Nitrogen as Influenced by Organic and Inorganic Inputs at Kabete, Kenya; M.W. Baaru et alEvaluating effect of mixtures of organic resources on nutrient release patterns and uptake by maize; F.O. Ayuke et alMycorrhizal associations as indicators of forest quality after land use practices; N.A. Onguene Biomass production, N and P uptake of Mucuna after Bradyrhizobia and Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation, and P-application on acid soil of Southern Cameroon; M. Jemo et alEvaluating the effect of Bacillus and Rhizobium bi-inoculant on nodulation and nematode control in Phaseolus vulgaris L.; N.K. Karanja et alPart IV: Participatory Approaches and Scaling up/outIntegrated Soil Fertility Management Technologies: review for scaling up; M. Misiko, J. RamischCosts and Returns of Soil Fertility Management Options in Western Kenya; P.L. WoomerModeling Farmers’ Decisions On Integrated Soil Nutrient Management In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Multinomial Logit Analysis In Cameroon; G.B. NkamleuOpportunities for and constraints to adoption of improved fallows: ICRAF’s experience in the humid tropics of Cameroon; A. Degrande et alThe Effect of Socio-Economic Factors On a Farmer's Decision to Adopt Farm Soil Conservation Measures. An Application of Multivariate Logistic Analysis in Butere/Mumias District, Kenya; V.E. Anjichi, L.W. MauyoFarmer’s perception of planted calliandra tree fallows for shortening fallow cycles in southern Cameroon; C. Nolte et alPolicies, Institutions and Market Development to Accelerate Technological Change in the Semiarid Zones of Sub-Saharan Africa; M. Winslow et alFactors Influencing Choice and Adoption of Integrated Soil Fertility Management Technologies in Central Kenya Highlands; B.M. Mureithi et alSocial capital on adoption of soil fertility management technologies in Tororo district, Uganda; A. Lule et alAdoption of Leguminous Trees/Shrubs, Compost and Farmyard Manure (FYM) As Alternatives to Improving Soil Fertility in Trans Nzoia District-Kenya; A.O. Nekesa et alParticipatory Diagnosis in the Eastern Drylands of Kenya: Are Farmers aware of Their Soil Fertility Status?; J.M. Kimiti et alOn-Farm Evaluation and Scaling-up of Soil Fertility Management Technologies in Western Kenya; M. Odendo et alThe Resources-to-Consumption System: A Framework for Linking Soil Fertility Management Innovations to Market Opportunities; P.C. Sanginga et alScaling up Options on Integrated Soil Fertility management in Western Kenya: The Case of COSOFAP: Challenges and Opportunities; Q. Noordin et alSocio-Economics of Soil Conservation in Kericho District, Kenya; M.J. KipsatMarket Integration and Conduct Analysis: An Application to Cattle Markets in Uasin Gishu District, Kenya; A.K. Serem et alFactors determining integrated soil fertility management in central Kenya highlands: Participatory Learning and Action (PLAR) model analysis; M.M. Odera et alSpatial Pricing Efficiency and Regional Market Integration of Cross-Border Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) Marketing in East Africa: The Case of Western Kenya and Eastern Uganda; L.W. Mauyo et alAssessment of farmers’ perceptions of soil quality indicators within smallholder farms in the central highlands of Kenya; F.S. MairuraInitiating Rural Farmers to Participatory Research: Case of Soil Fertilization in Bushumba, East of DR.Congo; P.N. Mumbeya, N. MulangwaFarmers’ participation in soil fertility management research process: Dilemma in rehabilitating degraded hilltops in Kabale, Uganda; R.N. Muzira et alIntegrated Soil Fertility Management and Poverty Traps in Western Kenya; J.K. Ndufa et al
Food insecurity is a central concern and a fundamental challenge for human welfare and economic growth in Africa. Low agricultural production, results in low incomes, poor nutrition, vulnerability to risks and lack of empowerment. Land degradation and soil fertility depletion are considered the major threats to food security and natural resource conservation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Investments in technology, policy and institutional reforms are needed to increase agricultural productivity to ensure food security and sustained national economies. Past research has generated numerous soil fertility management technologies which if adopted could propel the African continent out of the poverty trap. However, these technologies have had little, if any, impact due to low adoption by the smallholder farmers. Africa needs to break the cycle between poverty and land degradation by employing strategies that empower farmers economically and promoting sustainable agricultural intensification using efficient, effective and affordable agricultural technologies. In addition, farmers and local entrepreneurs need to be linked to markets to increase their capacities to invest in sustainable land management. All these requirements need to be achieved through an integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) approach that is holistic and dynamic in order to foster both technical and institutional change.

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Autor: Andre Bationo
ISBN-13 :: 9781402057601
ISBN: 1402057601
Verlag: Springer Netherland
Seiten: 1091
Sprache: Englisch
Auflage 2007
Sonstiges: Ebook