Criminalized power structures are the predominant spoilers of peace settlements and stability operations. This volume focuses on the means available to practitioners to cope with the challenges posed by CPS along with recommendations for improving their efficacy and an enumeration of the conditions essential for their success.
Criminalized power structures (CPS) are illicit networks that profit from transactions in black markets and from criminalized state institutions while perpetuating a culture of impunity. These criminalized power structures are the predominant spoilers of peace settlements and stability operations. This volume focuses on the means available to practitioners to cope with the challenges posed by CPS along with recommendations for improving their efficacy and an enumeration of the conditions essential for their success. The means range from economic sanctions and border controls to the use of social media and criminal intelligence-led operations. Each step of this toolkit is detailed, explaining what each tool is, how it can be used, which type of CPS it is best suited to address, and what is necessary to ensure success of the peace operations. The effectiveness of the tool is also assessed and its use is illustrated through real life situations, such as international supply chain controls to prevent the looting of natural resources in Western Africa or the intervention of international judges and prosecutors in Kosovo.
A companion volume, Criminalized Power Structures: The Overlooked Enemies of Peace, articulates a typology for assessing the threats of CPS illustrated by many case studies.
Part I: Sharpen Pre-Mission Assessments to Detect Whether Cps Are Potential Spoilers
Chapter 1: Assessments and Strategic Planning, Karmen Fields and Oscar Vera
Chapter 2: Understanding Culture, James Dorough-Lewis, Jr.
Chapter 3: Social Change Leadership Communications, Dana Eyre
Part II: Mandates Should Provide Adequate Authority to Deal with CPS
Chapter 4: Mandates and Authorities, Elizabeth Andersen
Part III: The Flow of Illicit Revenue to CPS Must Be Severed
Chapter 5: Targeted Sanctions, George Lopez
Chapter 6: United Nations Panels of Experts: Identifying Sanctions Violations and the Networks Behind them, Alix J. Boucher
Chapter 7: International Watchdog Organizations, Kristi Clough
Chapter 8: International Supply Chain Controls on Looting of Natural Resources, Merriam Mashatt
Chapter 9: Governance and Economic Management Assistance Program (GEMAP), Matt Chessen and Robert Krech
Chapter 10: Customs and Border Control, Paul Acda
Part IV: Accountability Should Have A Priority Equal To Capacity Building
Chapter 11: Accountability as a Countermeasure, Scott Carlson and Michael Dziedzic
Chapter 12: Institutional Development of the Legal System, Mark Kroeker
Chapter 13: Community-based Monitoring, Lorenzo Delegues & Huma Gupta
Chapter 14: The Civil Society “Triangle,” Haki Abazi
Chapter 15: Social Media Networks Marcia Byrom Hartwell
Part V: Criminal Intelligence-Led Policing Should Be Integrated Into The Mission Response
Chapter 16: Criminal Intelligence-led Operations, Bertram Welsing
Chapter 17: International Judges and Prosecutors, Michael Hartmann