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A History of Performing Pitch

The Story of 'A'
Sofort lieferbar | Lieferzeit: Sofort lieferbar I
ISBN-13:
9781461664154
Veröffentl:
2002
Seiten:
632
Autor:
Bruce Haynes
eBook Typ:
Adobe Digital Editions
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

This is the first complete survey of the historical pitch standards used by musicians during the last four centuries. Written from a practical perspective and addressed to performers it is the first book to attach frequency values to pitch names and describe where, when, and why various historical pitch levels were used. It surveys a period from the 16th century to the present and focuses on Italy, France, Germany, the northern and southern Netherlands, and the Habsburg Lands, following the developments in the design and function of instruments and how they influenced and were influenced by pitch changes.
This is the first complete survey of the historical pitch standards used by musicians during the last four centuries. Written from a practical perspective and addressed to performers it is the first book to attach frequency values to pitch names and describe where, when, and why various historical pitch levels were used. It surveys a period from the 16th century to the present and focuses on Italy, France, Germany, the northern and southern Netherlands, and the Habsburg Lands, following the developments in the design and function of instruments and how they influenced and were influenced by pitch changes.



The History of Performing Pitch explores the relationships between pitches like Chorton, Cammerton, and Consort-Pitch and what pitch frequencies they represented at various times and places. It also examines what effect pitch differences had on musical notation and choice of key, and discusses practical considerations musicians would have had to make when transposing, especially with regards to the range of singers' voices.



What distinguishes this book from previous pitch studies is that it has been written since the rise of the early music revival within the context of the growing understanding of how "early" instruments work. This development has provided a new source of empirical information not previously available, which allows this book to base its conclusions on a much larger and more relevant sample than has ever been possible before. It refers to the original pitches of some 1,382 historical instruments, including cornetts, Renaissance flutes, traversos, recorders, clarinets, organs, pitchpipes, and automatic instruments from all over Europe and compares this information with music and written texts. While this study avoids categorical answers where historical information is not yet sufficient to justify them, it locates a number of historical pitch levels, discovers several that were previously unnoticed, and disproves several common myths about pitch.
Chapter 1 List of Illustrations

Chapter 2 List of Graphs

Chapter 3 Preface

Chapter 4 Acknowledgements

Chapter 5 Mechanics

Chapter 6 Introduction

Chapter 7 Notes

Chapter 8 1 The Evidence

Chapter 9 Notes

Chapter 10 2 Pitch before the Instrument Revolution of
ca. 1670

Chapter 11 Notes

Chapter 12 3 The Instrument Revolution and Pitch Fragmentation 1670-1700

Chapter 13 Notes

Chapter 14 4 The General Adoption of A-1, 1700-1730

Chapter 15 Notes

Chapter 16 5 Germany, 1700-1730:
Cammerton, Chorton, Cornet-Ton

Chapter 17 Notes

Chapter 18 6 Sebastian Bach and Pitch

Chapter 19 Notes

Chapter 20 7 1730-1770: A "Diversity of Pitches"

Chapter 21 Notes

Chapter 22 8 Classical Pitches, 1770-1800

Chapter 23 Notes

Chapter 24 9 Early Romantic Pitches, 1800-1830

Chapter 25 Notes

Chapter 26 10 Pitch Standards, 1830-2001

Chapter 27 Notes

Chapter 28 Graphs

Chapter 29 Appendixes

Chapter 30 Citations in Original Languages

Chapter 31 Bibliography

Chapter 32 Index

Chapter 33 About the Author

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