Examines the commodification of land rights and the effect of international licences for resource extraction on the pastoral communities of Sudan.
Nowhere has a range of case studies of Sudan been brought together in a single volume. Given the concern with the growing number and complexity of conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan there is a significant readership in academic circles and from those involved in humanitarian organisations of all kinds. Professor Peter Woodward, University of Reading
"A timely contribution to an important set of debates ... tackles questions emerging from discussions about modernisation, urbanisation and globalisation from an explicitly local angle with regards to Sudan." Dr Harry Verhoeven, University of Oxford
Sudan experiences one of the most severe fissures between society and territory in Africa. Not only were its international borders redrawn when South Sudan separated in 2011, but conflicts continue to erupt over access to land: territorial claims are challenged by local and international actors; borders are contested; contracts governing the privatization of resources are contentious; and the legal entitlements to agricultural land are disputed. Under these new dynamics of land grabbing and resource extraction, fundamental relationships between people and land are being disrupted: while land has become a global commodity, for millions it still serves as a crucial reference for identity-formation and constitutes their most important source of livelihood.
This book seeks to disentangle the emerging relationships between people and land in Sudan. The first part focuses on the spatial impact of resource-extracting economies: foreign agricultural land acquisitions; Chinese investments in oil production; and competition between artisanal and industrial gold mining. Detailed ethnographic case studies in the second part, from Darfur, South Kordofan, Red Sea State, Kassala, Blue Nile, and Khartoum State, show how rural people experience "their" land vis-à-vis the latest wave of privatization and commercialization of land rights.
Jörg Gertel is Professor of Economic Geography at Leipzig University; Richard Rottenburg is Chair of Anthropology at the University of Halle; Sandra Calkins is a Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle
Disrupting territories: commodification and its consequences by Jörg Gertel, Richard Rottenburg and Sandra Calkins
Agricultural Investment through Land Grabbing in Sudan by Siddiq Umbadda
Territories of gold mining: international investment and artisanal extraction in Sudan by Sandra Calkins and Enrico Ille
Oil, Water and Agriculture: Chinese impact on Sudanese land use by Janka Linke
Nomad-sedentary relations in the context of dynamic land rights in Darfur: from complementarity to conflict by Musa Adam Abdul-Jalil
Sedentary-nomadic relations in a shared territory: post-conflict dynamics in the Nuba mountains, Sudan by Guma Kunda Komey
Entangled land and identity: Beja history and institutions by Sara Pantuliano
Gaining an access to land: everyday negotiations and ethnic politics of Rashaida in north-eastern Sudan by Sandra Calkins
Hausa and Fulbe on the Blue Nile: land conflict between farmers and herders by Elhadi Ibrahim Osman and Günther Schlee
A central marginality: the invisibilization of urban pastoralists in Khartoum state by Barbara Casciarri