Hunters and Gatherers in the Modern World
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Hunters and Gatherers in the Modern World

Conflict, Resistance, and Self-Determination
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ISBN-13:
9781782381587
Einband:
Web PDF
Seiten:
512
Autor:
Megan Biesele
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
Web PDF
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

In an age of heightened awareness of the threat that western industrialized societies pose to the environment, hunters and gatherers attract particularly strong interest because they occupy the ecological niches that are constantly eroded. Despite the denial of sovereignty, the world's more than 350 million indigenous peoples continue to assert aboriginal title to significant portions of the world's remaining bio-diversity. As a result, conflicts between tribal peoples and nation states are on the increase. Today, many of the societies that gave the field of anthropology its empirical foundations and unique global vision of a diverse and evolving humanity are being destroyed as a result of national economic, political, and military policies.

Although quite a sizable body of literature exists on the living conditions of the hunters and gatherers, this volume is unique in that it represents the first extensive east-west scholarly exchange in anthropology since the demise of the USSR. Moreover, it also offers new perspectives from indigenous communities and scholars in an exchange that be termed "south-north" as opposed to " north-north," denoting the predominance of northern Europe and North America in scholarly debate.


The main focus of this volume is on the internal dynamics and political strategies of hunting and gathering societies in areas of self-determination and self-representation. More specifically, it examines areas such as warfare and conflict resolution, resistance, identity and the state, demography and ecology, gender and representation, and world view and religion. It raises a large number of major issues of common concerns and therefore makes important reading for all those interested in human rights issues, ethnic conflict, grassroots development and community organization, and environmental topics.

List of Illustrations
Preface


Introduction
Robert K. Hitchcock and Megan Biesele


Chapter 1. Silence and Other Misunderstandings: Russian Anthropology, Western Hunter-Gatherer Debates, and Siberian Peoples
Peter P. Schweitzer


PART I: WARFARE AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION


Chapter 2. Visions of Conflict, Conflicts of Vision among Contemporary Dene Tha
Jean-Guy A. Goulet


Chapter 3. Warfare among the Hunters and Fishermen of Western Siberia
Liudmila A. Chindina


Chapter 4. Homicide and Aggression among the Agta of Eastern Luzon, the Philippines, 1910–1985
Marcus B. Griffin


Chapter 5. Conflict Management in a Modern Inuit Community
Jean L. Briggs


Chapter 6. Wars and Chiefs among the Samoyeds and Ugrians of Western Siberia
Andrei V. Golovnev


Chapter 7. Ritual Violence among the Peoples of Northeastern Siberia
Elena P. Batianova


Chapter 8. Patterns of War and Peace among Complex Hunter-Gatherers: The Case of the Northwest Coast of North America
Leland Donald


PART II: RESISTANCE, IDENTITY AND THE STATE


Chapter 9. The Concept of an International Ethnoecological Refuge
Olga Murashko


Chapter 10. Aboriginal Responses to Mining in Australia: Economic Aspirations, Cultural Revival, and the Politics of
Indigenous Protest
David S. Trigger


Chapter 11. Political Movement, Legal Reformation, and Transformation of Ainu Identity
Takashi Irimoto


Chapter 12. Tracking the “Wild Tungus” in Taimyr: Identity, Ecology, and Mobile Economies in Arctic Siberia
David G. Anderson


Chapter 13. Marginality with a Difference, or How the Huaorani Preserve Their Sharing Relations and Naturalize Outside Powers
Laura Rival


PART III: ECOLOGY, DEMOGRAPHY, AND MARKET ISSUES


Chapter 14. “Interest in the Present” in the Nationwide Monetary Economy: The Case of Mbuti Hunters in Zaire
Mitsuo Ichikawa


Chapter 15. Dynamics of Adaptation to Market Economy among the Ayoréode of Northwest Paraguay
Volker von Bremen


Chapter 16. Can Hunter-Gatherers Live in Tropical Rain Forests? The Pleistocene Island Melanesian Evidence
Matthew Spriggs


Chapter 17. The Ju/’hoansi San under Two States: Impacts of the South West African Administration and the Government of the Republic of Namibia
Megan Biesele and Robert K. Hitchcock


Chapter 18. Russia’s Northern Indigenous Peoples: Are They Dying Out?
Dmitrii D. Bogoiavlenskii


PART IV: GENDER AND REPRESENTATION


Chapter 19. Gender Role Transformation among Australian Aborigines
Robert Tonkinson


Chapter 20. Names That Escape the State: Hai//om Naming Practicesc versus Domination and Isolation
Thomas Widlok


Chapter 21. Central African Government’s and International NGOs’ Perceptions of Baka Pygmy Development
Barry S. Hewlett


Chapter 22. The Role of Women in Mansi Society
Elena G. Fedorova


Chapter 23. Peacemaking Ideology in a Headhunting Society: Hudhud, Women’s Epic of the Ifugao
Maria V. Staniukovich


PART V: WORLD-VIEW AND RELIGIOUS DETERMINATION


Chapter 24. Painting as Politics: Exposing Historical Processes in Hunter-Gatherer Rock Art
Thomas A. Dowson


Chapter 25. Gifts from the Immortal Ancestors: Cosmology and Ideology of Jahai Sharing
Cornelia M. I. van der Sluys


Chapter 26. Time in the Traditional World-View of the Kets: Materials on the Bear Cult
Evgeniia A. Alekseenko


Chapter 27. Lexicon as a Source for Understanding Sel’kup Knowledge of Religion
Alexandra A. Kim


Notes on Contributors


Appendix: A Note on the Spelling of Siberian Ethnonyms


Index

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