Gray Zones
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Gray Zones

Ambiguity and Compromise in the Holocaust and its Aftermath
 Web PDF
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ISBN-13:
9781782382010
Einband:
Web PDF
Seiten:
440
Autor:
Jonathan Petropoulos
Serie:
8, War and Genocide
eBook Typ:
PDF
eBook Format:
Web PDF
Kopierschutz:
Adobe DRM [Hard-DRM]
Sprache:
Englisch
Beschreibung:

Few essays about the Holocaust are better known or more important than Primo Levi’s reflections on what he called “the gray zone,” a reality in which moral ambiguity and compromise were pronounced. In this volume accomplished Holocaust scholars, among them Raul Hilberg, Gerhard L. Weinberg, Christopher Browning, Peter Hayes, and Lynn Rapaport, explore the terrain that Levi identified. Together they bring a necessary interdisciplinary focus to bear on timely and often controversial topics in cutting-edge Holocaust studies that range from historical analysis to popular culture. While each essay utilizes a particular methodology and argues for its own thesis, the volume as a whole advances the claim that the more we learn about the Holocaust, the more complex that event turns out to be. Only if ambiguities and compromises in the Holocaust and its aftermath are identified, explored, and at times allowed to remain--lest resolution deceive us--will our awareness of the Holocaust and its implications be as full as possible.

List of Figures
List of Abbreviations

Prologue: The Gray Zones of the Holocaust
Jonathan Petropoulos and John K. Roth


Part I: Ambiguity and Compromise in Writing and Depicting Holocaust History


Introduction


Chapter 1. The Ambiguities of Evil and Justice: Degussa, Robert Pross, and the Jewish Slave Laborers at Gleiwitz
Peter Hayes


Chapter 2. “Alleviation” and “Compliance”: The Survival Strategies of the Jewish Leadership in the Wierzbnik Ghetto and the Starachowice Factory Slave Labor Camps
Christopher R. Browning


Chapter 3. Between Sanity and Insanity: Spheres of Everyday Life in the Auschwitz-Birkenau Sonderkommando
Gideon Greif


Chapter 4. Sonderkommando: Testimony from Evidence
Michael Berenbaum


Chapter 5. A Commentary on “Gray Zones” in Raul Hilberg’s Work
Gerhard L. Weinberg


Chapter 6. Incompleteness in Holocaust Historiography
Raul Hilberg


Part II: Identity, Gender, and Sexuality During and After the Third Reich


Introduction


Chapter 7. Choiceless Choices: Surviving on False Papers on the “Aryan” Side
Robert Melson


Chapter 8. “Who Am I?” The Struggle for Religious Identity of Jewish Children Hidden by Christians During the Shoah
Eva Fleischner


Chapter 9. Hitler’s Jewish Soldiers
Bryan Mark Rigg


Chapter 10. A Gray Zone Among the Field Gray Men: Confusion in the Discrimination Against Homosexuals in the Wehrmacht
Geoffrey J. Giles


Chapter 11. Pleasure and Evil: Christianity and the Sexualization of Holocaust Memory
Dagmar Herzog


Chapter 12. The Gender of Good and Evil: Women and Holocaust Memory
Sara R. Horowitz


Part III: Gray Spaces: Geographical and Imaginative Landscapes


Introduction


Chapter 13. Hitler’s “Garden of Eden” in Ukraine: Nazi Colonialism, Volksdeutsche, and the Holocaust, 1941–1944
Wendy Lower


Chapter 14. Life and Death in the “Gray Zone” of Jewish Ghettos in Nazi-Occupied Europe: The Unknown, the Ambiguous, and the Disappeared
Martin Dean


Chapter 15. “Almost-Camps” in Paris: The Difficult Description of Three Annexes of Drancy—Austerlitz, Lévitan, and Bassano, July 1943 to August 1944
Jean-Marc Dreyfus


Chapter 16. Alternate Holocausts and the Mistrust of Memory
Gavriel D. Rosenfeld


Chapter 17. Laughter and Heartache: The Functions of Humor in Holocaust Tragedy
Lynn Rapaport


Chapter 18. The Holocaust in Popular Culture: Master-Narrative and Counter-Narratives in the Gray Zone
Ronald Smelser


Chapter 19. The Grey Zone: The Cinema of Choiceless Choices
Lawrence Baron


Part IV: Justice, Religion, and Ethics During and After the Holocaust


Introduction


Chapter 20. Gray into Black: The Case of Mordecai Chaim Rumkowski
Richard L. Rubenstein


Chapter 21. Catalyzing Fascism: Academic Science in National Socialist Germany and Afterward
Jeffrey Lewis


Chapter 22. Postwar Justice and the Treatment of Nazi Assets
Jonathan Petropoulos


Chapter 23. The Gray Zones of Holocaust Restitution: American Justice and Holocaust Morality
Michael J. Bazyler


Chapter 24. The Creation of Ethical “Gray Zones” in the German Protestant Church: Reflections on the Historical Quest for Ethical Clarity
Victoria J. Barnett


Chapter 25. Gray-Zoned Ethics: Morality’s Double Binds During and After the Holocaust
John K. Roth


Epilogue: An Intense Wish to Understand
Jonathan Petropoulos and John K. Roth


Select Bibliography
About the Editors and Contributors
Index

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